John E Jelovsek and Tommaso Falcone

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A. Paul K. Tulikangas

Division of Urogynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Connecticut, Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.A.

■ INTRODUCTION

■ GYNECOLOGIC DISORDERS THAT INVOLVE THE LOWER URINARY TRACT

■ PREOPERATIVE GYNECOLOGIC EVALUATION

■ UTERINE LEIOMYOMATA

■ HYSTERECTOMY

■ PELVIC ADHESIONS

■ PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE

■ ADNEXAL MASSES

■ OVARIAN REMNANT

■ CERVICAL CANCER

■ ENDOMETRIOSIS

■ URINARY TRACT INJURY DURING GYNECOLOGIC PROCEDURES

■ INJURY TO THE URETHRA

■ INJURY TO THE BLADDER

■ INJURIES TO THE URETER

■ MANIPULATORS

■ REFERENCES

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