Laparoscopic Simple Nephrectomy Current Status

Moses Kim

Scott Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, U.S.A. Debora K. Moore and Robert G. Moore

Minimally Invasive Urology of the Southwest, Las Palmas Medical Center, El Paso, Texas, U.S.A.

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INTRODUCTION

Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis

INDICATIONS

Tuberculosis

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SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney

Previous Procedures

Disease

Obesity

■ SUMMARY

Renal Units with Chronic Infection

■ REFERENCES

Today laparoscopy has become the standard of care for most patients requiring a simple nephrectomy.

Laparoscopic simple nephrectomy is indicated in benign renal diseases where complete loss of the renal unit has occurred or is desired.

Benefits of laparoscopic simple nephrectomy over open nephrectomy include decreased need for pain medication, shorter hospital stay, and quicker convalescence time. Complication rates are equivalent or, as some reports suggest, less than the rates commonly associated with open nephrectomy.

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