LiMing Su

Brady Urological Institute, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.

INTRODUCTION

Cystoscopy and Ureteral Stent Placement

PATIENT SELECTION

Operative Steps

Radiographic Evaluation

POSTOPERATIVE CARE

Symptoms

MEASURES TO AVOID COMPLICATIONS

Indications and Contraindications

Intraoperative Complications

PREOPERATIVE PREPARATION

Postoperative Complications

Laboratory and Radiologic Tests

RESULTS

Bowel Preparation

Simple Renal Cysts

Informed Consent

Peripelvic Renal Cysts

Personnel and Equipment Configuration

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic

Patient Positioning

Kidney Disease

SURGICAL TECHNIQUE

SUMMARY

Instrumentation and Equipment

REFERENCES

Open renal cyst ablation remained the gold-standard approach until the late 1980s when minimally invasive methods were introduced.

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