Malignancies

Potential donors with previous malignancy can still be donors. However, donor age, the type of malignancy, and the potential need for chemotherapy affect their candidacy.

Further, the malignancy must not adversely affect the recipient by transmission to the recipient (103). The risk of transferring malignancy from a donor with a history of common malignancies, such as localized prostate, skin, or colon cancer, is low. In general, the donor must be without any evidence of disease for at least 18 months prior to their donating.

Kidneys with small renal tumors (less than 3 cm) have been successfully transplanted into marginal recipients following excision of the renal tumor (104). No recipients have developed malignancy with a mean follow-up of 33 months.

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