Monish Aron Benjamin Chung and Inderbir S Gill

Section of Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery, Glickman Urological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A.

INTRODUCTION

INTRAOPERATIVE TROUBLESHOOTING

INDICATIONS

Proper Balloon Placement

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Problems with Orientation in the

PREOPERATIVE WORKUP

Retroperitoneum

Endocrine Preparation

Inability to Locate the Renal Hilum

SURGICAL TECHNIQUE

Inadvertent Peritoneotomy

Patient Positioning

TIME MANAGEMENT

Retroperitoneal Access

COMPLICATIONS

Balloon Dilation

CONCLUSION

Port Placement

REFERENCES

Initial Dissection

Technique for Radical Nephrectomy

Technique for Adrenalectomy

The retroperitoneum is a potential, not an actual, space.

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