Nanotechnology And Urology

Iqbal S. Shergill, Manit Arya, and Hiten Patel

Institute of Urology and Nephrology, University College London, London, U.K.

■ INTRODUCTION

■ POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN UROLOGY

■ DELIVERY SYSTEMS FOR DRUG AND GENE THERAPY

■ IMAGING AND LABELING WITH NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS

■ MOLECULAR RECOGNITION

■ NANOSURGICAL TOOLS

■ SYNTHETIC THERAPEUTIC DEVICES

■ NANOTECHNOLOGY AND LIMITATIONS

■ NANOTECHNOLOGY AND THE FUTURE

■ CONCLUSION

■ REFERENCES

Nanotechnology refers to the creation of functional material devices and systems through the control of matter on an atomic or molecular scale-the nanometer scale (1 nm = 1 x 10-9 m). It is at this size scale that most biological molecules inside living cells operate.

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