Any patient with clinically organ confined prostate cancer, who is a candidate for definitive therapy, should be considered for a robotic radical prostatectomy.
The only contraindications are; if the patient has certain medical problems that would preclude an elective laparoscopic procedure such as a bleeding disorder or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Furthermore, a history of stroke or cerebral aneurysm is a contraindication because of the prolonged, steep Trendelenburg position. Previous intra-abdominal surgery, including hernia repair with mesh, is not
Control of Lateral Pedicles and Preservation of the Neurovascular Bundles Apical Dissection and Urethral Transection Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection Anastomosis Closing
■ EXTRAPERITONEAL APPROACH FOR ROBOTIC RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY
■ SPECIFIC MEASURES TAKEN TO AVOID COMPLICATIONS
■ COMMENTARY: Guy Vallancien
Any patient with clinically organ-confined prostate cancer, who is a candidate for definitive therapy, should be considered for a robotic radical prostatectomy.
TABLE 1 ■ Vattikuti Institute of a contraindication, but rather may be a good reason to consider the robotic approach.
Prostatectomy Key Steps At our institution, approximately 30% of patients have had major intra-abdominal sur gery, including a Whipple procedure and hemicolectomy, and none have required conversion to an open procedure. Also, a Vattikuti Institute of Prostatectomy has been performed on patients with previous abdominal radiation, as well as, salvage prostatectomies after external beam radiation therapy or radioactive seed implantation. Often patients require lysis of adhesions to varying degrees, either during or after port placement. An alternative surgical approach, such as an open or perineal prostatectomy, may be more appropriate for patients with multiple or extensive abdominal or pelvic surgeries.
While patient habitus is a consideration, morbid obesity is not a contraindication, but can make the dissection more challenging. We have performed the operation in patients with body mass indexes up to 39, but prefer patients with body mass indexes below 30. Furthermore, excessively large prostates are not prohibitive. Ideal prostate size ranges from 30 to 80 g; however, the Vattikuti Institute of Prostatectomy procedure has been successfully performed on glands greater than 200 g. A prominent median lobe or significantly enlarged lateral lobes will impact the bladder neck dissection but is not a contraindication. More importantly, if pelvic dimensions are small relative to the size of the prostate, then the dissection may be more difficult. It is exactly in these circumstances the robot provides excellent visualization in a narrow space and facilitates a more precise dissection.
Development of the extraperitoneal space
Apical dissection and control of the dorsal venous complex Bladder neck transection Dissection of the vasa and seminal vesicles
Control of the lateral pedicles and preservation of the neurovascular pedicles Apical dissection and urethral transection
Lymph node dissection
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