Port Site Metastasis In Urologic Laparoscopy

Steven M. Baughman and Jay T. Bishoff

Urology Flight, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland AFB, Texas, U.S.A.

■ INTRODUCTION

■ HISTORY: GYNECOLOGIC AND GENERAL

Local Wound Factors

Immune Response

SURGERY LITERATURE

■ UROLOGIC EXPERIENCE

■ BASIC SCIENCE AND PREDISPOSING

Tumor Behavior

■ PORT SITE RECURRENCE PREVENTION

■ PERCUTANEOUS ABLATION

■ REFERENCES

FACTORS

Technical Factors

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