References

1. Cohen R, MacRae H, Jamieson C. Teaching effectiveness of surgeons. Am J Surg 1996;171:612.

2. Haluck RS, Krümmel TM. Computers and virtual reality for surgical education in the 21st century. Arch Surg 2000;135:786.

3. Haluck RS, Marshall RL, Krummel TM, et al. Are surgery training programs ready for virtual reality? A survey of program directors in general surgery. J Am Coll Surg 2001;193:660.

4. Kerfoot BP, Mitchell ME, Novick AC. Grappling with the evaluation of clinical competencies: a view from the Residency Review Committee for Urology. Urology 2002;60:223.

5. Satava RM. Disruptive visions: a robot is not a machine—systems integration for surgeons. Surg Endosc 2004;18:617.

6. Satava RM. Disruptive visions: surgeon responsibility during the era of change. Surg Endosc 2002;16:733.

7. Bridges M, Diamond DL. The financial impact of teaching surgical residents in the operating room. Am J Surg 1999;177:28.

8. Satava RM. Information age technologies for surgeons: overview. World J Surg 2001;25:1408.

9. Satava RM. Disruptive visions. Surg Endosc 2002;16:1403.

10. Rosen J, Richards C, Hannaford B, et al. Hidden Markov models of minimally invasive surgery. Stud Health Technol Inform 2000;70:279.

11. Satish U, Streufert S. Value of a cognitive simulation in medicine: towards optimizing decision making performance of healthcare personnel. Qual Saf Health Care 2002;11:163.

12. Gorman PJ, Meier AH, Rawn C, et al. The future of medical education is no longer blood and guts, it is bits and bytes. Am J Surg 2000;180:353.

13. Salas E, Burke CS. Simulation for training is effective when. Qual Saf Health Care 2002;11:119.

14. Radetzky A, Nurnberger A. Visualization and simulation techniques for surgical simulators using actual patient's data. Artif Intell Med 2002;26:255.

15. Berkley J. Development of a simulation platform for the da Vinci surgical system: 1 year summary. Seattle: Mimic Technologies Inc., 2005, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Contract # MDA972-03-P0034.

16. Christensen EE, Dietz GW, Murry RC, et al. The effect of fatigue on resident performance. Radiology 1977;125:103.

17. Denisco RA, Drummond JN, Gravenstein JS. The effect of fatigue on the performance of a simulated anesthetic monitoring task. J Clin Monit 1987;3:22.

18. Condon RE. Fatigue and resident performance. Bull Am Coll Surg 1990;75:15.

19. Uhrich ML, Underwood RA, Standeven JW, et al. Assessment of fatigue, monitor placement, and surgical experience during simulated laparoscopic surgery. Surg Endosc 2002;16:635.

20. Reiter ER, Wong DR. Impact of duty hour limits on resident training in otolaryngology. Laryngoscope 2005;115:773.

21. Veldenz HC, Scott KK, Dennis JW, et al. Impaired residents: identification and intervention. Curr Surg 2003;60:214.

22. Sawyer RG, Tribble CG, Newberg DS, et al. Intern call schedules and their relationship to sleep, operating room participation, stress, and satisfaction. Surgery 1999;126:337.

23. Asken MJ, Raham DC. Resident performance and sleep deprivation: a review. J Med Educ 1983;58:382.

24. Satava RM. Commentary. The need for metrics in surgical education. Surg Endosc 1999;13:1082

25. Satava RM. Disruptive visions: surgical education. Surg Endosc 2004;18:779.

26. Fried MP, Satava R, Weghorst S, et al. Identifying and reducing errors with surgical simulation. Qual Saf Health Care 2004;13(suppl 1):i19.

27. Satava RM, Cuschieri A, Hamdorf J. Metrics for objective assessment. Surg Endosc 2003;17:220.

28. Sweet R. Virtual reality education simulation: a new reality in urologic education? Contemp Urol 2005;17:21.

29. LoPiccoto P. Gaming: 2010. Computer graphics world, 2004.

30. Sweet R, Porter J, Oppenheimer P, et al. Simulation of bleeding in endoscopic procedures using virtual reality. J Endourol 2002;16:451.

31. Sweet R, Kowalewski T, Oppenheimer P, Weghorst S, Satava R. Face, content and construct validity of the University of Washington virtual reality transurethral prostate resection trainer. J Urol 2004;172(5 Part 1):1953.

32. Rosen J, Hannaford B, MacFarlane MP, et al. Force controlled and teleoperated endoscopic grasper for minimally invasive surgery—experimental performance evaluation. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 1999;46:1212.

33. Berkley J, Volleweider M, Sweet RM, Satava RM. 3-D volumetric modeling of the urethral/ prostate/bladder complex. Seattle, Washington: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, 2005.

34. Viirre E, Pryor H, Nagata S, et al. The virtual retinal display: a new technology for virtual reality and augmented vision in medicine. Stud Health Technol Inform 1998;50:252.

35. Gallagher AG, Ritter EM, Satava RM. Fundamental principles of validation, and reliability: rigorous science for the assessment of surgical education and training. Surg Endosc 2003;17:1525.

36. Martin JA, Regehr G, Reznick R, et al. Objective structured assessment of technical skill (OSATS) for surgical residents. Br J Surg 1997;84:273.

37. Faulkner H, Regehr G, Martin J, et al. Validation of an objective structured assessment of technical skill for surgical residents. Acad Med 1996;71:1363.

38. Wanzel KR, Ward M, Reznick RK. Teaching the surgical craft: from selection to certification. Curr Probl Surg 2002;39:573.

39. Burdea G, Patounakis G, Popescu V, et al. Virtual reality-based training for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 1999;46:1253.

40. Schwid HA. A flight simulator for general anesthesia training. Comput Biomed Res 1987;20:64.

41. Schwid HA. Electrocardiogram simulation using a personal computer. Comput Biomed Res 1988;21:562.

42. Schwid HA, O'Donnell D. The anesthesia simulator-recorder: a device to train and evaluate anesthesiologists' responses to critical incidents. Anesthesiology 1990;72:191.

43. Schwid HA, O'Donnell D. Educational computer simulation of malignant hyperthermia. J Clin Monit 1992;8:201.

44. Schwid HA, O'Donnell D. Anesthesiologists' management of simulated critical incidents. Anesthesiology 1992;76:495.

45. Schwid HA, O'Donnell D. The anesthesia simulator consultant: simulation plus expert system. Anesthesiol Rev 1993;20:185.

46. Schwid HA. Computer simulations and management of critical incidents. Acad Med 1994;69:213.

47. Schwid HA, Rooke GA, Ross BK, et al. Use of a computerized advanced cardiac life support simulator improves retention of advanced cardiac life support guidelines better than a textbook review. Crit Care Med 1999;27:821.

48. Schwid HA, Rooke GA, Carline J, et al. Evaluation of anesthesia residents using mannequin-based simulation: a multiinstitutional study. Anesthesiology 2002;97:1434.

49. Tran L, Sweet RM. Content validity of the SimPraxis™ pelvic lymph node dissection interactive cognitive trainer. Presented at the Northwest Urological Society, Vancouver, B.C., December 2004.

50. Holtgrewe HL. Surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia in 2001—a pause for thought. J Urol 2001;166:177.

51. AUA guideline on management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (2003). Chapter 1: Diagnosis and treatment recommendations. J Urol 2003;170:530.

52. Joyner BD. An historical review of graduate medical education and a protocol of accreditation council for graduate medical education compliance. J Urol 2004;172:34.

53. Gravas S, Laguna MP, De La Rosette JJ. Application of external microwave thermotherapy in urology: past, present, and future. J Endourol 2003;17:659.

54. Mebust WK, Holtgrewe HL, Cockett AT, et al. Transurethral prostatectomy: immediate and postoperative complications. Cooperative study of 13 participating institutions evaluating 3,885 patients. J Urol 1989;141:243-247; J Urol 2002;167:5.

55. Ahmed M, Bell T, Lawrence WT, et al. Transurethral microwave thermotherapy (Prostatron version 2.5) compared with transurethral resection of the prostate for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: a randomized, controlled, parallel study. Br J Urol 1997;79:181.

56. D'Ancona FC, Francisca EA, Witjes WP, et al. High energy thermotherapy versus transurethral resection in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: results of a prospective randomized study with 1 year of followup. J Urol 1997;158:120.

57. Dahlstrand C, Walden M, Geirsson G, et al. Transurethral microwave thermotherapy versus transurethral resection for symptomatic benign prostatic obstruction: a prospective randomized study with a 2-year follow-up. Br J Urol 1995;76:614.

58. Flanigan RC, Reda DJ, Wasson JH, et al. 5-year outcome of surgical resection and watchful waiting for men with moderately symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia: a Department of Veterans Affairs cooperative study. J Urol 1998;160:12.

59. Francisca EA, d'Ancona FC, Hendriks JC, et al. A randomized study comparing high-energy TUMT to transurethral resection of the prostate: quality-of-life results. Eur Urol 2000;38:569.

60. Littlejohn JO Jr., Ghafar MA, Kang YM, et al. Transurethral resection of the prostate: the new old standard. Curr Opin Urol 2002;12:19.

61. Roos NP, Wennberg JE, Malenka DJ, et al. Mortality and reoperation after open and transurethral resection of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia. N Engl J Med 1989;320:1120.

62. Lardennois B, Clement T, Ziade A, et al. Computer stimulation of endoscopic resection of the prostate. Ann Urol (Paris) 1990;24:519.

63. Kumar PV, Gomes MP, Davies BL, et al. A computer assisted surgical trainer for transurethral resection of the prostate. J Urol 2002;168:2111.

64. Gomes MP, Barrett AR, Timoney AG, et al. A computer-assisted training/monitoring system for transurethral resection of the prostate structure and design. IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed 1999;3:242.

65. Ballaro A, Briggs T, Garcia-Montes F, et al. A computer generated interactive transurethral prostatic resection simulator. J Urol 1999;162:1633.

66. Manyak MJ, Santangelo K, Hahn J, et al. Virtual reality surgical simulation for lower urinary tract endoscopy and procedures. J Endourol 2002;16:185.

67. Michel MS, Knoll T, Kohrmann KU, et al. The URO Mentor: development and evaluation of a new computer-based interactive training system for virtual life-like simulation of diagnostic and therapeutic endourological procedures. BJU Int 2002;89:174.

68. Shah J, Darzi A. Virtual reality flexible cystoscopy: a validation study. BJU Int, 2002;90:828.

69. Jacomides L, Ogan K, Cadeddu JA, et al. Use of a virtual reality simulator for ureteroscopy training. J Urol 2004;171:320.

70. Watterson JD, Beiko DT, Kuan JK, et al. Randomized prospective blinded study validating acquis-tion of ureteroscopy skills using computer based virtual reality endourological simulator. J Urol 2002;168:1928.

71. Ogan K, Jacomides L, Shulman MJ, et al. Virtual ureteroscopy predicts ureteroscopic proficiency of medical students on a cadaver. J Urol 2004;172:667.

72. Johnson DB, Kondraske GV, Wilhelm DM, et al. Assessment of basic human performance resources predicts the performance of virtual ureterorenoscopy. J Urol 2004;171:80.

73. Rosser JC, Rosser LE, Savalgi RS. Skill acquisition and assessment for laparoscopic surgery. Arch Surg 1997;132:200.

74. Pearson AM, Gallagher AG, Rosser JC, et al. Evaluation of structured and quantitative training methods for teaching intracorporeal knot tying. Surg Endosc 2002;16:130.

75. Reznick R, Regehr G, MacRae H, et al. Testing technical skill via an innovative "bench station" examination. Am J Surg 1997;173:226.

76. Reznick RK. Virtual reality surgical simulators: feasible but valid? J Am Coll Surg 1999;189:127.

77. Adrales GL, Park AE, Chu UB, et al. A valid method of laparoscopic simulation training and competence assessment. J Surg Res 2003;114:156.

78. Fichera A, Prachand V, Kives S, et al. Physical reality simulation for training of laparoscopists in the 21st century. A multispecialty, multi-institutional study. JSLS 2005;9:125.

79. Hasson HM, Kumari NV, Eekhout J. Training simulator for developing laparoscopic skills. JSLS 2001;5:255.

80. Hasson HM. Interrupted laparoscopic suture secured with the needle-through-the-sliding-loop knot. J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 2000;7:556.

81. Eubanks TR, Clements RH, Pohl D, et al. An objective scoring system for laparoscopic cholecyst-ectomy. J Am Coll Surg 1999;189:566.

82. Rosen J, MacFarlane M, Richards C, et al. Surgeon-tool force/torque signatures—evaluation of surgical skills in minimally invasive surgery. Stud Health Technol Inform 1999;62:290.

83. Rosen J, Hannaford B, Richards CG, et al. Markov modeling of minimally invasive surgery based on tool/tissue interaction and force/torque signatures for evaluating surgical skills. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2001;48:579.

84. Rosen J, Solazzo M, Hannaford B, et al. Task decomposition of laparoscopic surgery for objective evaluation of surgical residents' learning curve using hidden Markov model. Comput Aided Surg 2002;7:49.

85. Schijven M, Jakimowicz J. Virtual reality surgical laparoscopic simulators. Surg Endosc 2003;17:1943.

86. Gallagher AG, Satava RM. Virtual reality as a metric for the assessment of laparoscopic psycho-motor skills. Learning curves and reliability measures. Surg Endosc 2002;16:1746.

87. Gallagher AG, Lederman AB, McGlade K, et al. Discriminative validity of the minimally invasive surgical trainer in virtual reality (Minimally invasive surgical trainer-virtual reality) using criteria levels based on expert performance. Surg Endosc 2004;18:660.

88. Gallagher AG, Smith CD, Bowers SP, et al. Psychomotor skills assessment in practicing surgeons experienced in performing advanced laparoscopic procedures. J Am Coll Surg 2003;197:479.

89. Seymour NE, Gallagher AG, Roman SA, et al. Virtual reality training improves operating room performance: results of a randomized, double-blinded study. Ann Surg 2002;236:458.

90. Grantcharov TP, Kristiansen VB, Bendix J, et al. Randomized clinical trial of virtual reality simulation for laparoscopic skills training. Br J Surg 2004;91:146.

91. Gallagher HJ, Allan JD, Tolley DA. Spatial awareness in urologists: are they different? BJU Int 2001;88:666.

92. Duffy AJ, Hogle NJ, McCarthy H, et al. Construct validity for the LAPSIM laparoscopic surgical simulator. Surg Endosc 2005;19:401.

93. Ro CY, Toumpoulis IK, Ashton RC Jr, et al. The LapSim: a learning environment for both experts and novices. Stud Health Technol Inform 2005;111:414.

94. Youngblood PL, Srivastava S, Curet M, et al. Comparison of training on two laparoscopic simulators and assessment of skills transfer to surgical performance. J Am Coll Surg 2005;200:546.

95. Hance J AR, Undre S, Patel H, Selvapatt N, Darzi A. Evaluation of a laparoscopic video trainer with in-built measures of performance. Presented at the Society of Laparoscopic Surgeons, 2004.

CHAPTER

0 0

Post a comment