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Pheochromocytomas of the bladder are rare, with mostly case reports in the literature. Management of these tumors should parallel the approach to extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma.

Transurethral resection bladder tumor has been utilized in select case reports. However, partial cystectomy should be the initial approach to treat pheochro-mocytoma of the bladder. Although laparoscopic cystectomy and partial cystectomy are still in their infancy, they are a viable approach to all tumors of the bladder.

bAutosuture Corp., Norwalk, CT.

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9. Doran F, Varinli S, Bayazit Y, Bal N, Ă–zdemir S. Pheochromocytoma of the urinary bladder. Case report. APMIS 2002 110:10, p. 733.

10. Walther MM, Reiter R, Keiser HR, et al. Clinical and genetic characterization of pheochromocytoma in von Hippel-Lindau families: comparison with sporadic pheochromocytoma gives insight into natural history of pheochromocytoma. J Urol 1999; 162:659-664.

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13. Lenders JW, Pacak K, Walther MM, et al. Biochemical diagnosis of pheochromocytoma: which test is best? JAMA 2002; 287:1427-1434.

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15. O'Riordain DS, Young WF, Grant CS, Carney JA, van Heerden JA. Clinical spectrum and outcome of functional extra adrenal paragangliomas. World J Surg 1996; 20:916-922.

16. Melicow MM. One hundred cases of pheochromocytoma at the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, 1926-1976: a clinicopathologic analysis. Cancer 1977; 40(5):1987-2004.

17. Ilias I, Pacak K. Current approaches and recommended algorithm for the diagnostic localization of pheochromocytoma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004; 89(2):479-491.

18. Maurea S, Cuocolo A, Reynolds JC, et al. Iodine-131-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy in preoperative and postoperative evaluation of paragangliomas: comparison with CT and MRI. J Nucl Med 1993; 34:173-179.

19. Pacak K, Goldstein DS. Advances in Diagnostic Localization of Pheochromocytoma In: Pacak K, moderator. Recent Advances in Genetics, Diagnosis, Localization, and Treatment of Pheochromocytoma. Ann Intern Med 2001; 134:316-317.

20. Hwang J, Shoaf G, Uchio EM, et al. Laparoscopic management of extra-adrenal pheochromocy-toma. J Urol 2004; 171(1):72-76.

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25. Kozlowski PM, Mihm F, Winfield HN. Laparoscopic management of bladder pheochromocytoma. Urology 2001; 57(2):365.

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