Results Of Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy For Benign Disease

Worldwide experience with laparoscopic adrenal surgery has increased since its original description in 1992. Several centers have reported large series documenting the decreased blood loss, shortened hospital stay, and faster return to normal activity. Selected recent series in the literature are summarized in Table 3.

Gagner et al. reported on 100 consecutive laparoscopic adrenalectomy procedures performed using the transperitoneal approach (31). The lesions removed included pheochromocytomas, aldosteronomas, Cushing's lesions, and others. Mean operative time was 123 minutes, and estimated blood loss 70 cc. In this series, the open conversion

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