Step 7 Build Team Collaborations

All of the disciplines involved in creating medical virtual reality simulation applications are highly technical and they therefore require extensive collaborations. Tendick et al. presented a Venn diagram showing the complexity of such a process.

Foundations of surgical simulation

Medicine

Medicine

A Tutorial Surgical Simulation: Past, Present, and Future-MMVR 2002

FIGURE 2 ■ Source-. From Tendick et al. Medicine Meets Virtual Reality, 2002.

The simplest models are based on two-dimensional images or pictures. This is often employed when simulating fluoroscopic procedures.

Polygonal models are the most common models used in three-dimensional visualization.

Conferences such as "Medicine Meets Virtual Reality" and programs sponsored by TATRC, which occur annually, have bridged this gap in understanding between healthcare workers, behavioral scientists, and engineers. As a result, numerous productive collaborations have been initiated. As in any complex new discipline, the leading investigators in the field have pushed their knowledge and understanding towards the center of the chart shown in Figure 2.

Key team contributors often include virtual world programmers, graphics animation/modeling artists, and hardware/interface experts. It also helps to have a behavioral scientist familiar with learning theory to help guide the design and metrics. Finally, a subject matter expert physician is necessary to guide the whole process, perform frequent usability studies, as well as provide the medical content.

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