■ Both tissue engineering and laparoscopy sit at the forefront of the technological advancements that are being achieved in urologic surgery.

■ Remarkable achievements in laparoscopy over the past two decades have dramatically reduced the morbidity associated with many procedures.

■ Regenerative medicine offers the hope that patients with organ loss can receive tissues that are functionally and genetically identical to those that were lost.

■ Tissue engineering efforts are currently underway for virtually every organ and tissue type within the urinary tract.

■ As these two technologies mature, it may become only a matter of time until their paths cross in a way that will advance the field of organ and tissue replacement.

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