Techniques Of Laparoscopic Renal Hypothermia

Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is now being performed at a variety of centers in the Unites States and in the world. Duplicating open surgical principles is a key aim of any laparoscopic procedure. Thus various authors have reported their techniques of achieving laparoscopic renal hypothermia, which are modifications of the technique used during open surgery. The critical issue in achieving laparoscopic hypothermia is to ensure that the hypothermia is uniform throughout the kidney surface, cortex and the medulla.

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