The Peritoneum

The peritoneum is composed of two portions (4,6,7). The parietal peritoneum lines the inner abdominal wall and is supplied by somatic nerves. The visceral peritoneum lines the visceral organs and is supplied by the visceral nerves. The epithelial lining of the peritoneum is mesoepithelium and produces a small volume of peritoneal fluid for lubrication of the visceral organs. The peritoneal space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum is the peritoneal cavity. The peritoneal membrane covers the inner surface of the abdominal wall and passes along the mesenteric vessels to form the mesentery

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