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What Evans has described as the Hollywood Head Injury Myth the depiction of head injuries on television and in motion pictures in two contexts. In fighting sequences of action, detective, cowboy and martial arts films, the portrayal of head trauma which would result in significant injury or death instead results in only a grunt, a grimace and a few bruises. The infliction of head trauma is also used for some of the funniest scenes in slapstick comedies and cartoons. (Evans et al., 1994, p. 272)
Co-ordination and muscle strength and should be prescribed to already fit individuals, for example soccer or rugby players, but cannot be recommended for those with poor balance and co-ordination. For example, for those with shin splints or who are recovering from knee surgery, as an alternative to bicycling and running, roller-skating is very efficient endurance training to develop quadriceps muscle strength. For ice-hockey players, roller-skating is a natural way of exercising during pre-season training. Both skateboarding and wind-surfing are excellent balance exercises for different seasons for injured martial arts athletes and gymnasts. All these sports should preferably be performed in controlled environments, with instructors.
(Qi, as in Qi Gong, and Chi, as in Tai Chi, are different spellings of the same word. Both are pronounced chee ). Qigong, an ancient practice that originated 5000 years ago, aims to strengthen qi, the vital energy believed to course through all humans. Tai Chi is about 600 years old it is based on martial arts. Qigong is easy to learn. Tai Chi takes longer.
Like most moderate physical activities practiced on a regular basis, tai chi can improve all aspects of fitness, including stamina, agility, muscle tone, and flexibility. The practice of tai chi breathing exercises also serve a meditative function, thereby reducing stress. Tai chi is particularly suited for older people and those who cannot practice difficult sports. Its movements are gentle, and it puts less stress on the body than do other exercises or martial arts such as judo and karate.
Hockey, and distance running rely on high-octane muscle fuel for energy. In fact, between the grueling practice sessions and vigorous competitions, serious endurance athletes are constantly depleting and restoring their muscle glycogen stores, so they require much more carbohydrate-rich foods than athletes involved in less aerobic activity (golf, archery, and martial arts).
Both my Oriental Medical training and martial arts have taught me that the nature of Yin and Yang is more dynamic than a static chart. Take another look at the taiji symbol. Notice the small seed or dot of white inside the black color and visa versa. This shows us that nothing is totally Yin or Yang and that all things including humans have the ability to change and transform. The symbol further illustrates this by its shape. Think of the symbol moving in a clockwise direction (although it can be reversed). As the white color is at its peak of growth and expansion the dark color begins to take over gradually until it too diminishes continuing the never-ending q cle in nature and in our bodies. We all carry within us the necessary energies to balance and heal. Often I find it useful to search for the hidden seed of transformation within a condition or situation.
Co-ordination, balance, proprioception and core stability are terms frequently used in sport but rather difficult to define. They involve the ability to perform, or regain, controlled movements, in a sport-specific, safe and precise way. We cannot pin-point each and every control mechanism but there is lots of experience to apply to sport. Tai chi is an excellent example of a method that aims completely to regain full body and mind control, so essential for elite sports. Martial arts and dancing focus on this type of training, which is a key to successful performance. Unfortunately, most contact sports such as soccer, rugby and ice hockey often neglect this type of training. For years I have tried to convince physiotherapists and coaches to learn from this not only would it reduce the number of injuries and their consequences, but it would enhance performance and their players' ability to undertake effective rehabilitation when injured.
Qigong is a vital part of Chinese medicine and the basis of Asian martial arts. Today it is used widely as a gentle technique to calm the mind and improve stamina. Qigong exercises involve combinations of concentrated, controlled breathing with simple, repetitive motions. During the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s, qigong was banned in China. Today, however, it is broadly accepted, not only in China but in many parts of the world. When qigong is combined with the calculated, more active motions of ancient Chinese martial arts, it becomes tai chi (see Chapter 20), the gentle exercise regimen practiced in cities and rural areas throughout China by people of all ages, including the elderly.
Ocular injury is common in sports and largely preventable if athletes wear appropriate eye protection. The highest risk sports are those in which intentional injury can occur (e.g., boxing and combative martial arts) and those in which hard projectiles, sticks, or fingers are likely to encounter the eye. High-risk sports include basketball, baseball, softball, cricket, lacrosse, squash, racquetball, fencing, and all varieties of hockey. Squash and racquetball are particularly concerning because of the high likelihood of severe injury. Athletes with preexisting monocular visual impairment must understand the importance of protecting the good eye, and preparticipation visual acuity assessment of binocular and monocular vision is essential. The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is the primary U.S. organization for certifying eyewear for sports, and experts have provided recommendations for eye protection for different sports (Vinger, 2000).
The distal arteries of the upper extremity can also be affected by aneurysmal disease. The most common mechanism for this pathology is the hypothenar hand syndrome, an occupationally related repeated compression of the ulnar artery against the hamate bone. Affected patients usually have a history of using the heel of their hand as a hammer or of extensive use of vibratory tools. Involvement in certain sporting activities, such as martial arts and mountain biking, has also been implicated. As with aneurysmal disease in the proximal arteries, thromboembolism is a common complication.
SYMPTOMS There is a gradual or acute on set of effusion and exercise-induced pain often combined with mechanical problems of locking, clicking, clunking or discomfort on impact (compression and rotation). This injury is common in sports such as football, rugby and other high-intensity contact sports but can also occur gradually in sports where hypermobility is important, such as ballet, gymnastics and martial arts. AETIOLOGY In many cases this injury occurs from direct or indirect trauma or in association with other ligament injuries.
Little research has been conducted on why certain women choose to take self-defense training after assault experiences. According to DeWelde (2003-b), one of the main reasons why recently victimized women reported enrolling in feminist self-defense training was so that they could be better prepared in case they were faced with another assault.46 Various studies have shown that the majority of self-defense training participants (44 -90 ) have been physically or sexually abused in their lifetime.38,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53 A prior study using a sample of 3,187 female college students found that women who took self-defense assertiveness training were more likely to have suffered adult sexual victimization as well as both child sexual and physical abuse than women without training.54 Furthermore, Follansbee (1982) found that almost one-third (30 ) of women taking self-defense were victims of rape compared with only 12 of subjects from a general studies course.17 However, one study of women...
There is currently very little evidence of effectiveness in forensic settings although these techniques are being used with patients with resistant symptoms in these settings (see Benn, above). The author has presented his experience (Kingdon, 1999) of being the responsible medical officer for a local long-stay forensic ward over a two-year period in Nottingham using a cognitive-behaviour approach with patients whose reasons for admission included sexual assault or exposure, arson, homicidal threats, serious aggressive antisocial behaviour, danger to self wandering, deliberate self-harm, neglect, threatening behaviour to children, incomplete failure of response to Clozapine, and non-concordance with medication regimes. Over that period, patients were discharged who had symptoms such as that John Travolta keeps interfering with me , . I am having a heart attack I'm dead , the police are after me , sexual interference from others abusive voices and I'm being poisoned through the taps to...
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