Renal Urinary and Reproductive Tract Systems

10.1 Kidney, 325

Neuroanatomy, 325

Functions of innervation, 326

Effectors, 327

Sensory innervation, 327

10.2 Ureters, 328

Structure and function, 328

Autonomic innervation, 329

Relevant pharmacology, 331

10.3 The lower urinary tract, 331

10.3.1 Bladder, 331 Dome, 332 Trigone, 336 Bladder neck, 337

10.3.2 Urethra, 337 Male, 337 Female, 337

10.3.3 Continence, 340

10.3.4 Mechanisms of micturition, 341

10.3.5 Incontinence and relevant pharmacology, 343

10.4 The female reproductive tract, 344

10.4.1 Overview, 344

10.4.2 Components of the tract and their innervation, 345 Ovaries, 345

Fallopian tubes, 346 Uterus, 348 Cervix, 349 Vagina, 349 External genitalia, 350

10.4.3 Relevant pharmacology, 350 10.5 The male reproductive tract, 351

10.5.1 Overview, 351

10.5.2 Components of the tract and their innervation, 352 Testes and epididymides, 352 Vasa deferentia and ejaculation, 353

Seminal vesicles, 354 Prostate, 354

Bulbo-urethral glands, 355 Penis and erection, 355

10.5.3 Relevant pharmacology, 358

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