Opioids are not thought generally to have neuroprotective properties but they do blunt stress-induced responses. Ketamine is an NMDA antagonist and has been shown to be protective in animal models of ischaemia.51 While the benzodiazepines decrease cerebral blood flow and cerebral metabolic rate, these effects are less impressive than with the intravenous anaesthetic agents. Despite occasional reports of neuroprotective benefit,52 these drugs are not generally thought to be useful neuroprotective agents.
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With all the stresses and strains of modern living, panic attacks are become a common problem for many people. Panic attacks occur when the pressure we are living under starts to creep up and overwhelm us. Often it's a result of running on the treadmill of life and forgetting to watch the signs and symptoms of the effects of excessive stress on our bodies. Thankfully panic attacks are very treatable. Often it is just a matter of learning to recognize the symptoms and learn simple but effective techniques that help you release yourself from the crippling effects a panic attack can bring.