Epidemiology

Although childhood epidemiological data on BDD are limited, the adult prevalence of this disorder ranges from 1.9% in a nonclinical sample to 12% in a sample of psychiatric outpatients (A. Allen and Hollander 2000). Onset likely occurs most often during adolescence or early adulthood, although childhood cases have been reported. Unlike many other somatoform disorders, the ratio of men to women is nearly equal. Patients with BDD often wait a mean of 6 years before seeking treatment (Phillips 1991). Many people with the disorder do not seek psychiatric help but instead seek treatment from dermatologists and plastic surgeons, which may influence researchers' efforts to study the psychological aspects of this disorder.

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