Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

The NICU is a highly specialized setting for the medical care of critically ill newborn infants. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2008), more than half a million babies in the United States are born prematurely each year, and many of these infants require NICU hospital-ization for days, weeks, or even months. In addition to preterm and low-birth-weight infants, the typical NICU caseload includes babies with congenital anomalies and full-term newborns affected by prenatal or perinatal insults and/or birth trauma, including preeclampsia, eclampsia, and asphyxia. Other distinctive features of the NICU include specialized medical equipment (e.g., isolettes, breast pumps, rocking chairs) and postpartum mothers and fathers who have typically not yet held or cared for their infants.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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