Patient Survival

Overall, 1-year patient survival rates are highest for kidney (98.2% living related donor; 95.0% deceased donor), followed by liver (89.9% living related donor; 87.1% deceased donor), heart (87.6%), lung

Table 22-1. Patient survival rates for transp

(83.6%), intestine (81.4%), and heart-lung (73.8%). At 5 years, survival rates are still highest for kidney (90.6% living related donor; 81.0% deceased donor), followed by liver (77.3% living related donor; 73.3% deceased donor), heart (73.9%), intestine (56.2%), lung (53.4%), and heart-lung (46.5%) (U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network and the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients 2008). Table 22-1 shows 3-month and 1-, 5-, and 10-year survival rates by age group.

Transplant Waiting List

At the end of 2007, approximately 97,250 individuals were on the transplant waiting list (U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network and the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients 2008), and this number had grown to approximately 104,250 patients awaiting transplantation as of October 2009. Children make up a small percentage of waiting patients, and the percentage of children declined from 3.3% in 1997 to 2.3% in 2006 (U.S.

its performed 1996-2006

Table 22-1. Patient survival rates for transp

Organ

Child age at transplant

3-month survival

1-year survival

5-year survival

10-year survival

Heart

1-5

90.l

84.9

l5.0

64.l

6-11

99.0

95.9

80.6

61.6

12-17

95.3

89.l

l1.2

51.4

Intestine

1-5

93.9

l8.0

54.6

49.3

6-11

100.0

81.3

54.5

51.0

12-17

91.l

83.3

l9.6

55.1

Kidney

Deceased

1-5

99.4

96.8

94.0

8l.6

donor

6-11

99.1

98.6

95.8

89.3

12-17

99.6

98.l

93.6

84.8

Living

1-5

98.4

98.4

96.0

93.1

donor

6-11

96.9

94.9

12-17

100.0

99.3

96.0

90.0

Liver

Deceased

1-5

93.l

90.5

82.5

l8.l

donor

6-11

93.2

89.8

83.0

81.4

12-17

94.3

91.4

82.0

66.4

Living

1-5

9l.6

83.5

l9.9

l9.5

donor

6-11

80.8

83.4

12-17

l9.1

ll.l

Lung

1-5

89.6

89.6

55.4

3l.0

6-11

100.0

94.4

59.0

52.2

12-17

96.9

89.1

25.2

20.l

Note. — = Values not determined due to insufficient follow-up.

Source. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network Data as of October 10, 2008.

Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network and the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients 2007). The amount of time spent on the waiting list is influenced by factors such as the type of organ needed, patient blood type, and illness severity. Up-to-date information about waiting lists and survival rates can be found at http://www.OPTN.org.

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