Psychosocial Adjustment

Children with CVS have been described in the past as more anxious than unaffected peers, and their parents are similarly viewed as being more anxious and prone to view their children as more vulnerable than parents of unaffected children (Reinhart et al. 1977). Recent work confirms relatively high rates of internalizing disorders in children with CVS, with one study finding the prevalence of anxiety and mood disorders to be 47% and 14%, respectively (Tarbell and Li 2008). The high presence of internalizing disorders, most notably anxiety disorders, suggests that a diathesis-stress model may be applicable in illustrating how stress can lead to symptoms of CVS through its effects on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the presumed underlying diathesis (Tarbell and Li 2008). Some evidence supports a matrilinear inheritance pattern for CVS and migraine headaches, suggesting complex non-Men-delian inheritance through mitochondrial DNA, patterns that have generated interest in both depression and IBS (Boles et al. 2005).

Free Yourself from Panic Attacks

Free Yourself from Panic Attacks

With all the stresses and strains of modern living, panic attacks are become a common problem for many people. Panic attacks occur when the pressure we are living under starts to creep up and overwhelm us. Often it's a result of running on the treadmill of life and forgetting to watch the signs and symptoms of the effects of excessive stress on our bodies. Thankfully panic attacks are very treatable. Often it is just a matter of learning to recognize the symptoms and learn simple but effective techniques that help you release yourself from the crippling effects a panic attack can bring.

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