Research in psychiatry is located primarily in the major universities and teaching hospitals. The National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, located in Bangalore, is a premier center for psychiatric research. Research is funded partly by the government and/or through collaborative research projects with other countries. Research on pediatric psychosomatic issues is still in the developmental stage in India due to the difficulties associated with funding and infrastructure and to the shortage of qualified pediatric psychiatrists.


China is a large and rapidly developing country with a population of over 1.3 billion people. An estimated 30 million children and adolescents have mental health problems in China. The first inpatient child psychiatry unit was established in the late 1950s, but the specialty of pediatric psychosomatic medicine (referred to in China as psychological medicine, medical psychology, or consultation-liaison psychiatry) was not established until the late 1980s. The first child medical psychology department in a general children's hospital on the Chinese mainland was set up at Tianjin Children's Hospital in 1988. Now, approximately 30 major children's hospitals have departments of psychological medicine; most of these hospitals are located in large or mid-sized cities. Most children's hospitals have outpatient mental health clinics, although some children still receive services in adult clinics.

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