Anxiety may be induced by a variety of substances or medications, either as a direct effect of a substance or as a withdrawal reaction (see Table 7-7). Corticosteroids, anticholinergic medications, beta-adrenergic agonists, and asthma medications are all potential causes of anxiety, particularly if the medication has recently been started or the dosage has changed (see Table 7-8). Table 7-9 serves as a reference for how anxiety disorders relate to the specific DSM-IV-TR specifiers of substance dependence, abuse, intoxication, withdrawal, and intoxication delirium for specific classes of substances.
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