Immunotherapy

The reported use of immuno-monotherapy in penile carcinoma is limited to non-invasive stage Ta verrucous carcinomas (VC). Maiche and colleagues described the successful use of subcutaneous interferon-a in three cases of VC in young patients26 one patient had recurrent tumor but refused further surgery. He was given 5 months of interferon treatment and was found to be tumor free at 10 years follow-up. In another case, interferon was used as a primary therapy in a patient again refusing surgery. He was treated for 3 months and was tumor free at 7 years. Risse and coworkers reported the treatment of VC in several anatomical locations including the penis. They concluded that interferon monotherapy may slow tumor growth and thus be used as an adjuvant therapy to surgical excision, but that this treatment modality would not prevent surgery or death.27

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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