Risk Factors for the Development of Urethral Cancer

The risk factors associated with the development of urethral cancer include advancing age, chronic inflammation of the urethra, and urethral stricture disease. Previous urethral surgery and radiotherapy are also risk factors as are immunosuppression and smoking. Infection of the distal urethra with HPV-16 has also been implicated.2,14 A study by Cupp et al. reported that all six of their patients diagnosed with distal urethral carcinomas and one at the penoscrotal junction was HPV-16 positive whereas no HPV-16 DNA was detected in the remaining nine proximal urethral carcinomas.14 This suggests that the pathogenesis in the development of distal and proximal urethral carcinomas may differ.

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

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