Clinical Presentation And Diagnosis Diagnosis

A suspected diagnosis of COPD should be based on the patient's symptoms and/or history of exposure to risk factors. Spirometry is required to confirm the diagnosis. The presence of a postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio less than 70% (the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1 to forced vital capacity [FVC]) confirms the presence of airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. 1 Spirometry results can further be used to classify COPD severity (Table 15-1). Full pulmonary function tests (PFTs) with lung volumes and diffusion capacity and arterial blood gases (ABGs) are not necessary to establish the diagnosis or severity of COPD.

Anxiety and Depression 101

Anxiety and Depression 101

Everything you ever wanted to know about. We have been discussing depression and anxiety and how different information that is out on the market only seems to target one particular cure for these two common conditions that seem to walk hand in hand.

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