Elevated Anion

Normal Anion Gap0

.M—.Methanol metformin U—Uremia

D—Diabetic (or alcoholic}

ketoacidosis ?—Paraldehyde, phenformin I—]soniajidr iron L—Lactic acidosis F—Fthylene glycol ethanol S—Salicylates

U—Ureteral diversion S—Saline infusion £—Foogenous acid D—Diarrhea C—Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors A—Adrenal insufficiency R—RenaE tubular acidosis dAnion gap = serurm sodiunn concentration - {serum chloride concentration + serum bicarbonate concentration). Under normal circumstances, the anion gap should be 10 m£q/L (mmol/L) or less.

In summary, the approach to assessment of acid-base status involves four key steps as outlined in Figure 28-1: Step 1—initial inspection of the pH, PaCO2, and

The Prevention and Treatment of Headaches

The Prevention and Treatment of Headaches

Are Constant Headaches Making Your Life Stressful? Discover Proven Methods For Eliminating Even The Most Powerful Of Headaches, It’s Easier Than You Think… Stop Chronic Migraine Pain and Tension Headaches From Destroying Your Life… Proven steps anyone can take to overcome even the worst chronic head pain…

Get My Free Audio Book

Post a comment