Epidemiology and etiology

O This disorder usually begins by 3 years of age but must occur prior to 7 years of age to meet diagnostic criteria. In the United States, ADHD is the most common neurobe-havioral disorder that affects children.1-3,6 ADHD has been estimated to oc-

cur in 4.3% to 12% of school-aged children. , ADHD tends to occur at a greater incidence in males than in females by approximately 3:1 in school-aged children.7

Although ADHD generally is considered a childhood disorder, symptoms can persist into adolescence and adulthood. The prevalence of adult ADHD is estimated to be 4%, with 60% of these adults having manifested symptoms of ADHD from childhood.8,9 Further, problems associated with ADHD (e.g., social, marital, academic, career, anxiety, depression, smoking, and substance-abuse problems) increase with the transition of patients into adulthood.

Understanding And Treating ADHD

Understanding And Treating ADHD

Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD is a very complicated, and time and again misinterpreted, disorder. Its beginning is physiological, but it can have a multitude of consequences that come alongside with it. That apart, what is the differentiation between ADHD and ADD ADHD is the abbreviated form of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder, its major indications being noticeable hyperactivity and impulsivity.

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