Epidemiology

Cerebrovascular disease (CVD), or stroke, is the third leading cause of death in the United States and the second most common cause of death worldwide. Approximately 780,000 strokes occur in the United States each year. New strokes account for 600,000 of this total, while recurrent strokes account for the remaining 180,000 strokes each year. Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability in adults, with 90% of survivors having residual deficits. Moderate to severe disability is seen in 70% of survivors. The American Heart Association estimates that there are over 4.7 million survivors of stroke in the United States. The societal impact and economic burden is great, with costs exceeding $65 billion per year in the United States. Stroke mortality has declined due to improved recognition and treatment of risk factors; however, risk factor management is still inadequate. Stroke incidence increases with age, especially after age 55, resulting in an increased stroke incidence due to aging of the population.1

Your Heart and Nutrition

Your Heart and Nutrition

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