Fat Content

Both MCTs and LCTs are used in tube feeding products. Corn, soy, and safflower oils have been the mainstay sources of fat, providing mainly rn-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Some newer EN products contain higher quantities of rn-3 PUFAs from sources such as fish oil (i.e., docosahexenoic acid [DHA] and eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA]). Other formulas contain higher quantities of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) from canola oil and high-oleic safflower or sunflower oils. The essential fatty acid (EFA) content (mainly linoleic acid) of EN formulas is important because EFA deficiency can be induced if at least 1% to 4% of total calories are not supplied as EFA. MCT oil does not contain any EFA.

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