Fluid Requirements

Fluid requirement and balance are important to monitor in pediatric patients, especially in premature neonates and infants. Maintenance fluid requirement can be calculated based on body surface area for patients greater than 10 kg with a range of 1,500 to 2,000 mL/m /day. However, a weight-based method of determining normal maintenance fluid for children is often used (Table 3-2).

Table 3-2 Maintenance Fluid Calculations by Body Weight

Patient Body Wettj ht Maintenance Fluid Requirement

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