Key Concepts

O Pediatric patients are not just "smaller adult patients," where doses are scaled only for their smaller size; there are multiple factors to consider when selecting and providing drug therapy for patients in this specific population.

Due to multiple differences including age-dependent development of organ function in pediatric patients, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety of drugs within the pediatric population often differs from adults; thus, pediatric dosing should not be calculated based on a single factor of difference.

Medication errors among pediatric patients are possible due to differences in dose calculation and preparation; it is important to identify potential errors through careful review of calculations, dispensing and administration of drug therapy to infants and children.

'O' Safety and efficacy data of drugs in pediatric patients may be limited to small studies and case reports, leading to frequent off-label use of drugs in this population.

Caregiver education is essential, as they are often responsible for administration and monitoring of drug therapy in infants and young children.

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