PN admixtures can be prepared by mixing all components into one bag [3-in-1 admixture or a total nutrient admixture (TNA)] or by mixing and infusing dextrose, amino acids, and all other components together (2-in-1 admixture) and infusing IV lipid emulsion separately.

PN can be associated with significant complications with both short-and long-term therapy.

© Patients receiving PN should have specific laboratory values checked to assess electrolyte status, organ function, and nutritional status, and these parameters should be monitored as indicated clinically.

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