Patient Encounter Part 1

CH, a 42-year-old man, comes into the emergency department after his sister discovered him seizing at home. He has a history of hypertension, diabetes, epilepsy, and rheumatoid arthritis. His medications include hydrochlorothiazide, glyburide, phenytoin, and aspirin. He smokes one pack per day, drinks heavily on the weekends, and has a history of cocaine use. Upon further discussion with his sister, you discover that he stopped taking his phenytoin 4 days ago due to failure to obtain a refill from his doctor. He is currently unarousable since his last seizure 10 minutes ago.

What initial assessments should be performed?

What are some possible etiologies for his seizure?

What interventions need to be performed at this time?

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