Signs and Symptoms

• 95% of patients with bacterial meningitis have two of the following: headache, fever, neck stiffness, and altered mental status

• Altered mental status (i.e., confusion, lethargy, and obtundation) (69%)

• Focal neurologic defects (including positive Brudzinski's sign and Kernig's sign)

• Malaise, restlessness

• Photophobia

• Skin lesions (diffuse petechial rash observed in 50% of patients with meningococcal meningitis)

• Signs and symptoms in neonates, infants, and young children: nonspecific findings, such as altered feeding and sleep patterns, vomiting, irritability, lethargy, bulging fontanel, seizures, respiratory distress, and petechial/purpuric rash16

• Predictors of an unfavorable outcome: seizures, focal neurologic findings, altered mental status, papilledema, hypotension, septic shock, and pneumococcal meningit-

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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