Treatment Desired Outcomes

O The primary goals of treatment of musculoskeletal disorders are to: (a) relieve pain, and (b) maintain functionality. This is accomplished by decreasing the severity and duration of pain, shortening the recovery period, and preventing acute injury pain from becoming chronic pain. Prevention of swelling and inflammation are initial goals in acute injury because the degree of swelling is directly related to range of motion.11 If these goals are achieved, functional limitations are decreased. Ideally, a patient should be able to continue to perform activities of daily living (e.g., eating, dressing, cooking, and doing laundry) and maintain normal functions in the workplace. Children ideally should be able to maintain usual play activities and sports schedules.

Further goals include a return to usual activity and prevention of future injury. It is also important to minimize the potential for adverse drug events during treatment.

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