Alter MJ, Kruszon-Moran D, Nainan OV, et al: The prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection in the United States, 1988 through 1994. N Engl J Med 341:556, 1999.

Barkun AN, Camus M, Green L, et al: The bedside assessment of splenic enlargement. Am J Med 91:512, 1991.

Barkun AN, Camus M, Meagher T, et al: Splenic enlargement and Traube's space: How useful is percussion? Am J Med 87:562, 1989.

Bernstein CN, Blanchard JF, Leslie W, et al: The incidence of fracture among patients with inflammatory bowel disease: A population-based cohort study. Ann Intern Med 133:795, 2000.

Cancer Facts & Figures. Atlanta, American Cancer Society, 2007.

Cancer Trends Progress Report—2007 Update. Bethesda, Md, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, December 2007. Available at:; accessed June 25, 2008.

Carter HB, Ferrucci L, Kettermann A, et al: Detection of life-threatening prostate cancer with prostate-specific antigen velocity during a window of curability. J Natl Cancer Institute 98:1521, 2006.

Castell DO: The spleen percussion sign: A useful diagnostic technique. Ann Intern Med 67:1265, 1967.

Cattau EL Jr, Benjamin SB, Knoff TE, et al: The accuracy of the physical examination in the diagnosis of suspected ascites. JAMA 247:1164, 1982.

Chin-Hong PV, Berry M, Cheng SC, et al: Comparison of patient- and clinician-collected anal cytology samples to screen for human papillamovirus-associated anal intraepithelial neoplasia in men who have sex with men. Ann Intern Med 149:300, 2008.

Cotterchio M, Manno M, Klar N, et al: Colorectal screening is associated with reduced colorectal cancer risk: A case-control study within the population-based Ontario Familial Colorectal Cancer Registry. Cancer Causes Control 16:865, 2005.

Cummings S, Papadakis M, Melnick J, et al: The predictive value of physical examination for ascites. West J Med 142:633, 1985.

Espey DK, Wu XC, Swan J, et al: Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975-2004, featuring cancer in American Indians and Alaska Natives. Cancer 110:2119, 2007.

Fowler FJ Jr, Barry MJ, Walker-Corkery B, et al: The impact of a suspicious prostate biopsy on patients' psychological, socio-behavioral, and medical care outcomes. J Gen Intern Med 21:715, 2006.

Grover SA, Barkun AN, Sackett DL: Does this patient have splenomegaly? JAMA 270:2218, 1993.

Halpern S, Coel M, Ashburn W, et al: Correlation of liver and spleen size: Determinations by nuclear medicine studies and physical examination. Arch Intern Med 134:123, 1974.

Harris R, Lohr KN: Screening for prostate cancer: An update of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med 137:917, 2002.

Helzer JE, Chammas S, Norland CC, et al: A study of the association between Crohn's disease and psychiatric illness. Gastroenterology 86:324, 1984.

Imperiale TF, Ransohoff DF, Itzkowitz SH, et al: Fecal DNA versus fecal occult blood for colorectal-cancer screening in an average-risk population. N Engl J Med 351:2704, 2004.

Johnson LG, Madeleine MM, Newcomer LM, et al: Anal cancer incidence and survival: the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results experience, 1973-2000. Cancer 101:281, 2004.

Leitzmann MF, Platz EA, Meir J, et al: Ejaculation frequency and subsequent risk of prostate cancer. JAMA 291:1578, 2004.

Levin B, Brooks D, Smith RA, et al: Emerging technologies in screening for colorectal cancer: CT colonog-raphy, immunochemical fecal occult blood tests, and stool screening using molecular markers. CA Cancer J Clin 53:44, 2003.

Markowitz SD, Dawson DM, Willis J, et al: Focus on colon cancer. Cancer 1:233, 2002.

Meidl EJ, Ende J: Evaluation of liver size by physical examination. J Gen Intern Med 8:635, 1993.

Naylor CD: Physical examination of the liver. JAMA 271:1859, 1994.

Ries LAG, Melbert D, Krapcho M, et al: SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2004 [based on November 2006 Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) data submission]. Bethesda, Md: National Cancer Institute, 2007. Available at:; accessed June 9, 2008.

Robertson DJ, Greenberg ER, Beach M, et al: Colorectal cancer in patients under close colonoscopic surveillance. Gastroenterology 129:34, 2005.

Schiller LR: Chronic diarrhea. Gastroenterology 127:287, 2004.

Seeff L, Shapiro J, Nadel M: Are we doing enough to screen for colorectal cancer? Findings from the 1999 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. J Fam Pract 51:761, 2003.

Simel DL, Halvorsen RA, Feussner JR: Quantitating bedside diagnosis: Clinical evaluation of ascites. J Gen Intern Med 3:423, 1988.

Smith RA, Cokkinides V, Eyre HJ: American Cancer Society guidelines for the early detection of cancer, 2004. CA Cancer J Clin 54:41, 2004.

Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program: SEER Stat Database: Incidence—SEER 9 Regs Public-Use, November 2002 Sub (1973-2000). Bethesda, Md, National Cancer Institute, DCCPS, Surveillance Research Program, Cancer Statistics Branch. Released April 2003, based on the November 2002 submission. Available at www.seer.cancer/gov; accessed June 23, 2008.

Thompson IM, Pauler DK, Goodman PJ, et al: Prevalence of prostate cancer among men with a prostate-specific antigen level < or =4.0 ng per milliliter. New Engl J Med 350:2239, 2004.

Williams JW, Simel DL: Does this patient have ascites? How to divine fluid in the abdomen. JAMA 267:2645, 1992.


10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment