Evaluate for Retraction Phenomenon

If a mass is detected, molding of the skin may be useful to determine whether the retraction phenomenon is present. The examiner should elevate the breast around the mass. Dimpling may occur if a carcinoma is present. Figure 16-19 demonstrates the technique of molding and its result in a patient with carcinoma of the breast. Notice the marked dimpling of the breast. This patient also had metastatic lesions of breast carcinoma on her arm, together with lymphedema. She presented to the clinic stating that she had discovered the swollen arm the day before.

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