Inspect the Breasts in Various Postures

Inspection is next performed while the woman assumes several postures that may bring out signs of retraction that were less evident previously. Ask the woman to press her arms against her hips. This maneuver tenses the pectoralis muscles, which may bring out dimpling caused by fixation of the breast to the underlying muscles. This technique is shown in Figure 16-14. If a malignancy is present, the abnormal attachment of the tumor to the fascia and pectoralis muscle pulls on the skin and may produce skin dimpling. Any bulging may also indicate an underlying mass.

Another maneuver, which is useful for a woman with pendulous breasts, involves her bending at the waist and allowing her breasts to hang free from the chest wall. This technique is demonstrated in Figure 16-15. A carcinoma causing fibrosis in one breast produces a change in the contour of that breast.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment