Physical Examination

The equipment necessary for the examination of the heart is a stethoscope, a penlight, and an applicator stick.

The physical examination of the heart includes the following:

Inspection of the patient Assessment of blood pressure Assessment of the arterial pulse

• Assessment of the jugular venous pulse Percussion of the heart

Figure 14-12 Tendon xanthomata.

Palpation of the heart Auscultation of the heart • Examination for dependent edema

The patient should be supine, and the examiner should stand on the right side of the bed. The head of the bed may be elevated slightly if the patient is more comfortable in this position.

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