Physical Examination

The equipment necessary for the examination of the chest is a stethoscope.

After a general assessment of the patient, the examination of the posterior chest is performed while the patient is still seated. The patient's arms should be folded in his or her lap. After the examination of the posterior chest is completed, the patient is asked to lie down, and the examination of the anterior chest is begun. During the examination, the examiner should try to imagine the underlying lung areas.

If the patient is a man, his gown should be removed to his waist. If the patient is a woman, the gown should be positioned to prevent unnecessary or embarrassing exposure of the breasts. The examiner should stand facing the patient.

The examination of the anterior and posterior aspects of the chest includes the following:

Inspection Palpation Percussion Auscultation

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