Red Wine and Red Grapes

There are suggestions that red wine and red grapes may provide some protection against prostate cancer. A study conducted in Seattle compared 753 men with prostate cancer to 703 matched controls. In an extensive dietary survey, the controls were found to have consumed more red wine but not white wine, beer, or liquor. For each glass of red wine consumed per week, there was a 6 percent reduction in risk for prostate cancer. According to the researchers, ''consumption of 8 glasses or more of red...

How Serious Is Your Cancer

Several questions immediately came to mind on the day I was diagnosed with prostate cancer. How serious is it Is it likely to kill me If so, when This chapter provides information you need to begin answering such questions. Those who wish to skip the more technical discussions will find a summary at the end of the chapter. Prostate cancer is cancer. It affects the walnut-sized gland that sits beneath the bladder and contributes some of the fluid making up the semen a detailed description of the...

What Happens if the Cancer Spreads or Comes Back

Living with prostate cancer, said one man, is ''like being trapped inside a cage with a baby lion.'' In the beginning, the lion is small and nonthreatening, but you know that the lion will grow and may eventually devour you. This man's cancer did spread and in the end did ''devour'' him.1 Prior to the PSA era, by the time of diagnosis the prostate cancer would have already spread beyond the prostate in the majority of cases. By the 1990s, this number had been reduced to one third, and by now it...

Treatment Options For Recurrent Cancer

There are two goals in treating prostate cancer that has spread (1) improve the quantity of the man's life, and (2) improve the quality of the man's life. The dilemmas in treatment arise when attempts to improve quantity make the quality worse, not better. Honest assessments of treatment options are crucial to resolving these dilemmas. The mainstay for treating recurrent prostate cancer is hormone therapy, as described in Chapter 5. Prostate cancers use testosterone to grow, so blocking...

The Prostate Cancer Research Program

The Prostate Cancer Research Program is run by the U.S. Army under the Department of Defense. Its origins are a classic Washington tale. In 1992, women's advocacy groups for breast cancer research were putting pressure on the federal government to increase funding. Representative Patricia Schroeder, at that time, chaired the House Armed Services Committee, overseeing spending by the Department of Defense. Since expenditures for the National Cancer Institute were restricted by federal...

Michael Milkens Prostate Cancer Foundation

Michael Milken, a summa cum laude graduate of the University of California at Berkeley and a graduate of the Wharton School of Business, rose to billionaire prominence in the 1980s as the Wall Street ''king of junk bonds,'' high-yield debt securities. Rudy Giuliani, then a New York prosecutor, went after him for securities fraud, and Milken eventually pleaded guilty to six counts of violations related to market manipulation.4 He paid 600 million in fines and spent twenty-two months in prison....

Who Are Good Candidates

The best candidates are men who are relatively young and who do not have severe forms of prostate cancer. Cryotherapy is also commonly used for individuals who have been treated with radiation but whose cancer has recurred. Surgery cannot be performed on most men who have already had radiation treatment, because the radiation destroys anatomical landmarks and causes scar tissue to form cryotherapy is therefore one of the few options available. In order for it to be effective, the cancer must be...

On Being Diagnosed

In the timeline of our memories, major tragedies stand out as spikes. Most people remember clearly what they were doing when they learned that hijacked airliners had crashed into the World Trade Center. Those of us who are old enough can pinpoint precisely where we were when we heard that President Kennedy had been shot. Being diagnosed with prostate cancer is comparable. I was sitting at my desk at the Stanley Medical Research Institute at 10 a.m. on May 4, 2004. The immediate problem was how...

Hormone Treatment

Testosterone, the male sex hormone produced by the testicles, stimulates the growth of prostate cancers. It was discovered more than a century ago that surgical removal of the testicles castration improves symptoms for men with advanced prostate cancer. Charles Huggins, a urologist at the University of Chicago, undertook experiments in 1941 to bring about the same effect by giving men with prostate cancer female sex hormones to block testosterone. This work, which in essence produces a chemical...

Watchful Waiting

Prostate cancers are, in general, among the slowest-growing human cancers. Since they usually occur in men who are middle-aged or older, the question arises whether the cancer will kill you before you die from something else. Several studies have examined the natural course of prostate cancer in men who were not treated. Most were carried out in Scandinavian countries, where medical follow-up is excellent and where it is customary to treat prostate cancer much more conservatively than in the...

The Anatomy and Function of the Prostate Gland

Where The Prostate Gland Sitting Down

Michelangelo's David notwithstanding, the anatomy of the human male leaves a lot to be desired. Our organs of reproduction and recreation are hopelessly intertwined with our organs of liquid waste disposal. As one observer facetiously noted, ''Only a Civil Engineer could have designed the body since who else would design a waste disposal line through a recreational area ''1 Sitting in the center of this anatomical assemblage is the prostate, a reddish-brown organ approximately an inch and a...

Pcspes A Cautionary Tale

The most popular herbal treatment for prostate cancer has been PC-SPES, the name being an abbreviation of prostate cancer and the Latin word for hope. It was commercially available from 1996 until 2002, when its manufacturer, BotanicLab in Brea, California, abruptly shut down. At the time, it was estimated that approximately ten thousand men with prostate cancer were taking PC-SPES and a bottle of sixty capsules was selling for 108. The recommended dose ranged from six to twelve capsules per...

Herbal Therapies

Herbs are seed plants whose stems wither after each growing season. Herbal therapies are especially attractive to men with prostate cancer, in that they are widely used in China, where the incidence of prostate cancer is very low. Many men assume, therefore, that some cause-and-effect relationship must exist. Herbs are generally considered to be natural, pure, and safe, although this is not always the case. Advocates point out that a quarter of all existing medications, including digitalis and...

Subtract 2 if you had addon adjuvant radiation treatment

Your chances that your cancer will recur, as measured by rising PSA five years following surgery, are shown in Table 7. Additional nomograms, developed by Michael Kattan and his colleagues at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York, are widely used by physicians and are commonly referred to as Kat-tan tables.4 The nomograms utilize information such as size of the cancer and evidence of invasion at surgery, or radiation dose and length of radiation therapy. A major...

Urinary Incontinence The Solutions

Holistics Antiandrogen

The good news about urinary incontinence caused by treatment for prostate cancer is that in most cases the problem improves over time. This is especially true of incontinence due to surgery, which initially may be a serious difficulty. Most studies suggest that incontinence continues to be a long-term major problem for approximately 5 to 10 percent of men treated for prostate cancer but can be improved with help. Table 6. UCLA Prostate Cancer Index for Urinary Function 1. Over the LAST 4 WEEKS,...

Evaluation of Books About Prostate Cancer

The following, listed alphabetically by author, are assessments of forty-seven books about prostate cancer published in the past seven years (asterisks indicate those I have found most valuable). Also included are a few volumes published earlier that are of special interest. Books on prostate health in general are not included. Alterowitz, Ralph, and Alterowitz, Barbara. The Lovin' Ain't Over The Couples Guide to Better Sex After Prostate Disease. Westbury, N.Y. Health Education Literary...