Motivation and Defense

The assumption that certain motives and desires would be accessible to consciousness were they not repressed and disavowed is, of course, a statement regarding inner conflict and the operation of defense, which is itself motivated. In other words, certain motives, wishes, and desires are barred from conscious awareness and disavowed because of the dysphoric affects, such as anxiety, guilt, and lowered self-esteem, that awareness and avowal would entail. Hence, the basic motivation for defense is the avoidance of unpleasant affects. Devel-opmcntally oriented psychoanalytic accounts of defense suggest that certain wishes and desires are disavowed and denied access to consciousness because they arc-associated with negative affects engendered by early parental disapproval and prohibition and a variety of Other subtle parental communications. Freud (1926 |192f>)| referred to the "danger situations" of loss of the object, loss of the object's love, castration threats, and superego condemnation that are associated with these prohibited wishes and desires.

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Film Making

Film Making

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