128. Ezri T, Szmuk P, Stein A, et al: Peripartum general anaesthesia without tracheal intubation: Incidence of aspiration pneumonia. Anaesthesia 55:421-426, 2000.

129. Macfie AG, Magides AD, Richmond MN, Reilly CS: Gastric emptying in pregnancy. Br J Anaesth 67:54-57, 1991.

130. Zimmermann DL, Breen TW, Fick G: Adding fentanyl 0.0002% to epidural bupivacaine 0.125% does not delay gastric emptying in laboring parturients. Anesth Analg 82:612-616, 1996.

131. Scrutton MJ, Metcalfe GA, Lowy C, et al: Eating in labour. A randomized controlled trial assessing the risks and benefits. Anaesthesia 54:329-334, 1999.

132. Frölich MA: Anesthesia for presumed fetal jeopardy. In Birnbach DJ, Gatt SP, Datta S (eds): Textbook of Obstetric Anesthesia. New York, Churchill Livingstone, 2000, pp 267-280.

133. Shyken JM: Indications for cesarean delivery. In Norris MC (ed): Obstetric Anesthesia, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,

1999, pp 363-374.

134. Ross A: Physiologic changes of pregnancy. In Birnbach DJ, Gatt SP, Datta S (eds): Textbook of Obstetric Anesthesia. New York, Churchill Livingstone, 2000, pp 31-45.

135. Ong BY, Cohen MM, Esmail A, et al: Paresthesia and motor dysfunction after labor and delivery. Anesth Analg 66:18-22, 1987.

136. MacArthur C, Lewis M, Knox EG: Investigation of long term problems after obstetric epidural anaesthesia. BMJ 304:1279-1282, 1992.

137. Yoshii WJ, Rottman RL, Rosenblatt RA, et al: Epidural catheter-induced traumatic radicolopathy in obstetrics. Reg Anesth 19:132-135, 1994.

138. Kerdraon J, Amarenco G, Denys P: Vesico-sphincteric complications of spinal anesthesia. Eight cases. Press Med 22:410-412, 1993.

139. Viktrup L, Lose G: Epidural anesthesia during labor and stress incontinence after delivery. Obstet Gynecol 82:984-986, 1993.

140. Olofsson C, Ekblom A, Ekman-Ordeberg G, Irestedt L: Post-partum urinary retention: A comparison between two methods of epidural analgesia. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 71:31-34, 1997.

141. Peach MJ, Godkin R, Webster S: Complications of obstetric analgesia and anesthesia: A prospective analysis of 10,995 cases. Int J Obstet Anesth 7:5-11, 1998.

142. Jenkins J: Complications of obstetric epidurals: An audit of 10,817 cases [correspondence]. Int J Obstet Anesth 7:280-281, 1998.

143. Horlocker TT, McGregor DG, Matsushige DK, et al: Neurologic complications of 603 consecutive continuous spinal anesthetics using macrocatheter and microcatheter techniques. Perioperative Outcome Groups. Anesth Analg 84:1063-1070, 1997.

144. Hurley RJ: Continuous spinal anesthesia techniques for labor and delivery. In Birnbach DJ, Gatt SP, Datta S (eds): Textbook of Obstetric Anesthesia. New York, Churchill Livingstone, 2000, pp 183-188.

145. Huckaby T, Skerman JH, Hurley RJ, Lambert DH: Sensory analgesia for vaginal deliveries: A preliminary report of continuous spinal anesthesia with a 32-gauge catheter. Reg Anesth 16:150-153, 1991.

146. Robson SC, Samsoon G, Boys RJ, et al: Incremental spinal anaesthesia for elective caesarean section: Maternal and fetal haemodynamic effects. Br J Anaesth 70:634-638, 1993.

147. Bayhi D, Cork RC, Heaton JF, Nolan TE: Prospective survey of continuous versus single-injection spinal anesthesia in obstetrics. South Med J 88:1043-1048, 1995.

148. Standi T, Celik L, Weyland C, et al: Microcatheter CSA in a young woman with Fontan repair undergoing elective sterilization. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 41:1367-1369, 1997.

149. Honig O, Winter H, Baum KR, et al: Cesarean section with continuous spinal anesthesia in a cardiopulmonary high-risk patient. Anaesthesist 47:685-689, 1998.

150. Overdyk FJ, Harvey SC: Continuous spinal anesthesia for cesarean section in a parturient with severe preeclampsia. J Clin Anesth 10:510513, 1998.

151. Lockhart EM, Penning DH, Olufolabi AJ, et al: SVO2 monitoring during spinal anesthesia and cesarean section in a parturient with severe cyanotic congential heart disease. Anesthesiology 90:1213-1215, 1999.

152. Pittard A, Vucevic M: Regional anaesthesia with a subarachnoid microcatheter for caesarean section in a parturient with aortic stenosis. Anaesthesia 53:169-173, 1998.

153. Norris MC, Grieco WM, Borkowski M, et al: Complications of labor analgesia: Epidural versus combined spinal epidural techniques. Anesth Analg 79:529-537, 1994.

154. Nageotte MP, Larson D, Rumney PJ, et al: Epidural analgesia compared with combined spinal-epidural analgesia during labor in nulliparous women. N Engl J Med 337:1715-1719, 1997.

155. Russell R, Plaat F: Controversies. The dura is too vulnerable to be breached routinely in labour. Int J Obstet Anesth 8:56-61, 1999.

156. Albright GA, Forster RM: The safety and efficacy of combined spinal and epidural analgesia/anesthesia (6,002 blocks) in a community hospital. Reg Anesth Pain Med 24:117-125, 1999.

157. Kindler CH, Seeberger MD, Staender SE: Epidural abscess complicating epidural anesthesia and analgesia. An analysis of the literature. Acta Anaesthsiol Scand 42:614-620, 1998.

158. Harding SA, Collis RE, Morgan BM: Meningitis after combined spinal-extradural anaesthesia in obstetrics. Br J Anaesth 73:545-547, 1994.

159. Bouhemad B, Dounas M, Mercier FJ, Benhamou D: Bacterial meningitis following combined spinal-epidural analgesia for labour. Anaesthesia 53:292-295, 1998.

160. Duflo F, Allaouchiche B, Mathon L, Chassard D: Bacterial meningitis following combined obstetric spinal and peridural anesthesia. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim 17:1286, 1998.

161. Vives A, Carmona F, Zabala E, et al: Maternal brain death during pregnancy. Int J Obstet Gynecol 52:67-69, 1996.

162. Chen C, Wang K: Cryptococcal meningitis in pregnancy. Am J Perinatol 13:35-36, 1996.

163. Wolfe PR Jr, Norwick ML, Bofill JA: Fatal maternal beta-hemolytic group B streptococcal meningitis: A case report. Am J Perinatol 15:597600, 1998.

164. Wysowski DK, Talrico L, Bacsanyi J, Botstein P: Spinal and epidural hematoma and low-molecular-weight heparin [letter]. N Engl J Med 338:1774-1775, 1998.

165. Yuen T, Kuan J, Tan T: Spinal haematoma following epidural anaesthesia in a patient with eclampsia. Anaesthesia 54:350-354, 1999.

166. Checketts MR, Wildsmith JA: Central nerve block and thromboprophylaxis—Is there a problem? (editorial). Br J Anaesth 82:164-167, 1999.

167. Hack I, Cademartori MS, Mamani RS, et al: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma during pregnancy: Report of a case. Arq Neuropsiquiatr 42:41-44, 1984.

168. Mahieu X, Kridelka F, Pintiaux A, et al: Spontaneous cervical extradural hematoma in a pregnant woman. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod 23:99-102, 1994.

169. Milaskiewicz RM, Holdcroft A, Letsky E: Epidural anaesthesia and Von Willebrand's disease. Anaesthesia 45:462-464, 1990.

170. Fragneto RY, Datta S: Epidural analgesia in a preeclamptic parturient after normalization of a prolonged bleeding time with DDAVP. Reg Anesth 20:448-451, 1995.

171. Bailey AR, Wolmarans M, Rhodes S: Spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section in a patient with systemic sclerosis. Anaesthesia 54:350-371, 1999.

172. Beilin Y, Zahn J, Comerford M: Safe epidural analgesia in thirty parturients with platelet counts between 69,000 and 98,000 (mm-3 ). Anesth

Analg 85:385-388, 1997.

173. Jones BP, Bell EA, Maroof M: Epidural labor analgesia in a parturient with von Willebrand's disease type IIA and severe preeclampsia. Anesthesiology 90:1219-1220, 1999.

174. Orlikowski CE, Rocke DA: Anesthesia and hematologic diseases. In Norris MC (ed): Obstetric Anesthesia, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1999, pp 453-465.

175. Diemunsch P, Balabaud VP, Petau C, et al: Bilateral subdural hematoma following epidural anesthesia. Can J Anaesth 45:328-331, 1998.

176. Vaughan DJ, Stirrup CA, Robinson PN: Cranial subdural haematoma associated with dural puncture in labour. Br J Anaesth 84:518-520, 2000.

177. Cantais E, Benhamou D, Petit D, Palmier B: Acute subdural hematoma following spinal anesthesia with a very small spinal needle. Anesthesiology 93:1354-1355, 2000.

178. Giannina G, Smith D, Belfort MA, Moise KJ Jr: Atraumatic subdural hematoma associated with pre-eclampsia. J Matern Fetal Med 6:93-95,

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Win Your War Against Back Pain

How To Win Your War Against Back Pain

Knowing the causes of back pain is winning half the battle against it. The 127-page eBook, How To Win Your War Against Back Pain, explains the various causes of back pain in a simple manner and teaches you the various treatment options available. The book is a great pain reliever in itself. The sensible, practical tips that it presents will surely help you bid good-bye to back pain forever.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment