Receiving Intrathecal Lidocaine




Male or female


< 60 yr or > 60 yr


White or other

ASA Class

I, II, III, or IV


Bottom 20% in study sample or top 20%

History of back pain

Yes or no

Preexisting neurologic condition

Yes or no

Needle type

Quincke or pencil point

Needle size

22 or 22-25 or 26-27

Position during injection

Sitting or lateral

Approach for injection

Midline or paramedian

Interspace for injection

L2-3 or L3-4 or L4-5 or L5-S1

Bevel/aperture direction on injection

Caudad or cephalad or lateral

Lidocaine dose

<50 mg or 51-74 mg or >75 mg

Intrathecal epinephrine

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Dealing With Back Pain

Dealing With Back Pain

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