Early Intervention Services

Under Part C, early intervention services include both special instruction and related services; an infant or toddler can receive a related service under Part C without receiving special instruction. (This differs from the requirement under Part B that children with disabilities ages 3-21 only receive related services in order to benefit from special education.)

The term early intervention services means services that are (a) designed to meet the developmental needs of the child and the needs of the family related to enhancing the child's development; (b) are selected in collaboration with the parents; (c) are provided under public supervision by qualified personnel in conformity with an individualized family service plan; and (d) are provided at no cost, unless federal or state law provides for a system of payments by families. Types of services include family training, counseling, and home visits; special instruction; speech-language pathology and audiology services; occupational therapy; physical therapy; psychological services; service coordination services; medical services only for diagnostic or evaluative purposes; early identification, screening, and assessment services; health services necessary to enable the infant or toddler to benefit from the other early intervention services; nursing services, nutrition services, social work services; vision services; assistive technology devices and services; and transportation and related costs that are necessary to enable the infant or toddler and his or her family to receive other early intervention (34 C.F.R. ยงยง 300.12-300.13).

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