Index

childhood sexual abuse (CSA). See sexual assault in childhood cognitive and behavioral treatments, 12, 91-110, 119-20, 140, 189, 193, 257-58, 264-65; case study, 108-110; cognitive processing therapy (CPT), 95-101, 187-88; cognitive restructuring, 93-94INDEXdialectical behavior therapy (DBT), 187-88; exposure therapy, 101-8; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 91-93

complex trauma, 130, 132, 139-40, 192-94

coping skills, 12-13, 171, 173, 260-63, 297-98, 340

date rape/acquaintance rape. See sexual assault by non-intimate associates dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT). See cognitive and behavioral treatments

EMDR. See eye movement desensitization and reprocessing eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), 130-41;

case studies, 135-38, 139-40; complications, 138-39; definition,

130-31; phases of treatment,

131-35

empowerment, 1-3, 165, 168-72, 183, 312, 328-29, 332-45, 349-50; trauma recovery and empowerment model (TREM), 193 exposure therapy. See cognitive and behavioral treatments expressive writing. See journaling family systems, 142-58, 238-41;

background and definition, 143-44; case studies, 153-57; healing activities, 149-52; sociocultural factors, 144; suggestions for survivors, 157; and trauma recovery, 145-49

feminist theory/feminist therapy, 50, 114, 119-20, 160-74, 238, 280; cultural factors, 168-69; definition,

160-61; interventions, 170-72; recovery phases, 164-65; social identity assessment, 167-70; suggestions for survivors, 172-74; therapeutic counseling relationship,

161-63

gang rape. See sexual assault by multiple perpetrators group therapy, 119, 123, 151, 179-96, 285-86, 287; case studies, 194-95; choosing a group, 184-85; diversity, 190-94; qualities, 182-84; semi-structured, 188-90; structured groups, 186-88; suggestions for survivors, 195-96; support groups, 185-86; for survivor's partners/ supporters, 194

human trafficking. See trafficking journaling, 328-46; case studies,

330-32; considerations, 344-45; for empowerment, 332-34; methods, 334-44; resources, 346

male survivors. See sexual assault (rape) meditation, 93, 103, 199, 204, 206-8, 230-31, 324, 334, 339, 343. See also mind-body treatments: trauma recovery practices mind-body treatments, 199-214; case studies, 200-203; healing levels, 203-5; self-healing, 213; survivor resources, 213-14; trauma recovery practices, 205-10; war and disaster recovery, 210-13 mindfulness. See mind-body treatments misogyny, 63

narrative therapy, 217-32; case study, 226-31; definition and background, 218-20; and positive psychology, 224-26; suggestions for survivors, 232; usage, 220-23

positive psychology. See narrative therapy post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

See sexual assault: effects psychodynamic treatments, 236-53; case study, 248-51; definition and background, 237-38; self-care strategies, 252-53; sexual violence recovery, 245-48; sociocultural context, 244-45 psycho-education, 256-73; case study, 272; and coping skills, 260-63; definition, 257-58; evaluation of, 265-67; evidence for, 263-65; how it works, 268-69; survivor resources,

269-72

rape. See sexual assault rape crisis centers, 112-24, 162, 185,

270-72, 288; case study, 121-23; emergence, 112-14; services provided, 114-20; suggestions for survivors, 123-24

religion and spirituality, 93, 144, 147-48, 226, 229, 318-25, 337, 349; case studies, 322-23; definitions, 318-19; for healing,

319-20; impact of sexual abuse on,

320-21; negative coping, 321-22; suggestions for survivors, 324-25

resources and suggestions for survivors, 123-24, 157, 172-74, 195-96, 213-14, 232, 269-72, 313, 324-25, 351-53

196, 246, 252-53, 261, 270, 286 self-defense training, 276-90; benefits, 279-84; combined with therapy, 284-88; effectiveness, 277-78; suggestions for survivors, 288-89 sex trafficking. See trafficking sexual assault (rape), 37-87; effects, 43-45, 54-55, 63-65, 71-72, 81-83, 91-93, 135-37; 179-80, 241-44, 259-60, 278-79; male survivors, 191-92, 195, 240, 306-8, 352. See also rape crisis centers; sexual assault . . . in childhood, by marital partners, by strangers, in war sexual assault in childhood, 77-83, 136, 181-82, 241-42, 298-301; cultural considerations, 78-81; effects, 81-83; prevalence, 77-78

sexual assault by marital and intimate partners, 48-55; consequences, 54-55; legal history and theory, 49-50; prevalence, 50-51; risk factors, 51-54 sexual assault by multiple perpetrators, 68-73; characteristics, 69-70; definition, 68-69; disclosure and help seeking, 72-73; effects, 71-72; prevalence, 69; risk factors, 70-71 sexual assault by non-intimate associates and strangers, 37-45; characteristics, 41-43; consequences, 43-45; definitions and forms, 37-38; prevalence, 38-39, 256; reporting, 40-41; sociocultural factors, 39-40 sexual assault in war and military, 59-65, 191; consequences, 63-65; healing, 210-13; prevalence, 59-60, 65; reporting, 61-62; risk factors, 63; sociocultural factors, 62-63 sexual harassment, 7-16; case studies, 14-15; causes and outcomes, 9-12, 16; coping with, 12-13; definition, 8-9; and men, 14; prevalence, 7; and women of color, 13-14

sexual violence, 163-64, 217, 236, 238, 241-43, 257-262, 318-24, 328, 338-41. See also sexual assault; trafficking. social identity assessment. See feminist therapy social support, 296-313; gender,

306-8; lifespan, 298-306; race and ethnicity, 308-11; suggestions for survivors, 313 spirituality. See religion and spirituality structural dissociation of the personality, theory (TSDP), 140-41

support groups. See group therapy trafficking, 22-33; debates, 28-33; domestic trafficking and prostitution, 25-27; and ethnicity/ SES, 23-25; psychological consequences, 27-28; risk factors, 23-25; trafficker characteristics, 22 treatments. See specific method, i.e. "psychodynamic"

writing. See journaling

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