Define segmental spinal dysgenesis and describe treatment of this deformity

Segmental spinal dysgenesis is a congenital spinal deformity characterized by focal dysgenesis or agenesis of the lumbar or thoracolumbar spine and a focal abnormality of the underlying spinal cord and nerve roots. The bony defects include canal stenosis, hypoplastic vertebrae, and spinal column subluxation and instability. Neural pathology includes narrowing of the thecal sac and absent nerve roots. Early spinal stabilization, usually by anterior and posterior arthrodesis, is required to prevent progressive deformity and neurologic deterioration.

How To Win Your War Against Back Pain

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