What are the different types of neuromuscular scoliosis

The various diseases associated with neuromuscular scoliosis are categorized as neuropathic (affecting either the upper or lower motor neurons) or myopathic. Certain conditions such as myelodysplasia and spinal trauma may have both upper and lower motor neuron involvement.


Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita Muscular dystrophy

• Duchenne type

• Fascioscapulohumeral Fiber-type disproportion Congenital hypotonia Myotonia dystrophica

1. Upper motor neuron lesions

• Cerebral palsy

• Spinocerebellar degeneration: Friedreich's ataxia, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Roussy-Levy disease

• Syringomyelia

• Quadriplegia secondary to spinal cord trauma or tumor

2. Lower motor neuron lesions

• Spinal muscular atrophy: Werdnig-Hoffman disease, Kugelberg-Welander disease

• Poliomyelitis

• Dysautonomia (Riley-Day syndrome)

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